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Premature Wrinkling of Skin
has been associated with premature aging and skin wrinkling.
Before undergoing cosmetic surgery for wrinkles one should suspend
If careless, cigarettes can cause life threatening fires. To the right is a picture of a patient who was smoking a cigarette while using home oxygen to treat his chronic obstructive lung disease. A fire and explosions ignited with extensive burns to the face and inside of the nose. A video of the patient's nasal endoscopy can be viewed below.
Lung Cancer: Smoking causes 87% of all
lung cancer cases.
Oral and Esophageal Cancer: The picture is from a 77 year old patient who had a 30 pack year history of smoking. He quite smoking 26 years ago. The picture shows a large pyriform sinus cancer. The pyriform sinus is located in the hypopharyngeal between the throat and the esophagus. The cancer can be seen eating into the patient's voice box.
Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure, and Stroke.
the major drug in tobacco constricts blood vessels, increasing blood
pressure and the work of the heart. Constricting blood vessels
also decreases blood flow to the body's tissues, resulting in decreased
healing. These effects are exacerbated by diseases such as
Chronic Hoarseness and Laryngeal Polyps
Chronic smokers often develop a persistent hoarse voice with edema of the larynx and formation of vocal cord polyps. Shown in the pictures below from left to right is a normal larynx, a larynx with massive vocal cord polyps (in a heavy smoker) and the same larynx after the polyps have been surgically removed.Poor Sex Life:
Smoking is a major factor
in impotence (
View Article ). It is also a
turnoff to the opposite sex. The following is a study taken in our
Question: Do You Want Your Boy or Girl friend
to Use Tobacco Products?
Smoking and Pregnancy:
smoking has been
implicated in the risk of diabetes, obesity (
View Article ) and mental
View Article ) in the newborn.
An increase incidence of cleft lip and palate has also been observed in
In Kentucky, smoking mothers had a 66% higher chance of having a low-birth weight infant and twice the chance of having their child die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (7). View Article
This is a progressive wasting of the lungs which is most commonly caused by chronic smoking. Patient's afflicted with emphysema experience a slow loss of breath. If not caught early, many patients must use home oxygen and experience a slow suffocating death.
Smokers have more training injuries. Training injuries are the number one reason marine cadets do not make the core. These injuries include: Tendonitis, stress fractures, frostbite and more foot blisters. Nicotine is a vasoconstrictor and decreases blood flow to tissues increasing their susceptibility to injury and decreases their ability to heal. Ref: USMC National Health Naval Research Center - San D
Smokers have less stamina
than non-smokers. They can not run as fast, have les muscular endurance
and there immune system is not as strong. Smokers get sicker more often
especially with bronchitis and take longer to recover. Non-smokers are
steadier and have better night vision. Smoking is not allowed in USMC
To the right is a
picture of a hairy tongue caused by poor mouth hygiene and smoking.
Ear Infections and URI's
Tobacco smoke contains hundreds of chemicals
and at least forty of which have been implicated in cancer.
Smoking irritates the lining of the nose, increasing nasal secretions
and swelling. The increase in secretions are caused by goblet
cell hyperplasia ( See
Brown & Williamson Research
Document ). The cilia (microscopic hair like structures
which transport fluids) in the nose has its function inhibited and the
nose becomes less able to cleanse itself and more susceptible to
allergens ( See
Tobacco Co Research Document ). Thus if you smoke, treatments
for allergy are less likely to be effective because the nose has a
reduced ability to clean itself of the allergic particles that are
inhaled. Smoking and secondhand smoke is associated with
significant nasal and sinus disease and symptoms.