If careless, cigarettes can cause life threatening fires. To the right is a picture of a patient who was smoking a cigarette while using home oxygen to treat his chronic obstructive lung disease. A fire and explosions ignited with extensive burns to the face and inside of the nose. A video of the patient's nasal endoscopy can be viewed below.
Lung Cancer: Smoking causes 87% of all
lung cancer cases.
Oral and Esophageal Cancer: The picture is from a 77 year old patient who had a 30 pack year history of smoking. He quite smoking 26 years ago. The picture shows a large pyriform sinus cancer. The pyriform sinus is located in the hypopharyngeal between the throat and the esophagus. The cancer can be seen eating into the patient's voice box.
Stomach Cancer: It has been estimated that 14 to 28%
of stomach cancer deaths are caused by smoking.
Question: Do You Want Your Boy or Girl friend to Use Tobacco Products?
A total of 23 current tobacco users and 23 non-tobacco users were surveyed. No respondent answered "YES". There was no significant difference between tobacco users and non-users.
Smoke Chew Yes 0 0 No 33 40 Don't Care 13 5
In Kentucky, smoking mothers had a 66% higher chance of having a low-birth weight infant and twice the chance of having their child die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (7). View Article
|Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy||11.4%||24.4%||
|Neonatal Smoking Attributable Health Care Expenditures.||366.1 million||
8.9 million or
$704 per Child
|Increase in costs over a non-smoking mother||6.31 times higher||3.64 times higher||
(1) Montgomery SM, Ekborn A. Smoking during pregnancy and diabetes mellitus in a British longitudinal birth cohort. BMJ. 2002,324:26-27. View Article
(2) CD Drews, CC Murphy, M Yeargin-Allsopp and P Decoufle The relationship between idiopathic mental retardation and maternal smoking during pregnancy. Pediatrics. 1996, 97: 547-553. View Article
(3) USMC National Health Naval Research Center - San Diego, CA.
(4) J Little, A Cardy, M Gilmour, Smoking and Orofacial Clefts: A United Kingdom–Based Case-Control Study The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal: 2004:41; 381–386. View Article
(5) Smoking During Pregnancy -- United States 1990-2002 MMWR 2004:53;911-915. View Article
(6) State Estimates of Neonatal Health - Care Costs Associated with Maternal Smoking -- United States 1996. MMWR 2004:53;915-917. View Article
(7) Kentucky Epidemiologic Notes and Reports. 2004:391-6 View Article
Smokers have more training
injuries. Training injuries are the number one reason marine cadets
do not make the core. These injuries include: Tendonitis, stress
fractures, frostbite and more foot blisters. Nicotine is a
vasoconstrictor and decreases blood flow to tissues increasing their
susceptibility to injury and decreases their ability to heal.
USMC National Health Naval Research Center - San
Smokers have less stamina
than non-smokers. They can not run as fast, have les muscular endurance
and there immune system is not as strong. Smokers get sicker more often
especially with bronchitis and take longer to recover. Non-smokers are
steadier and have better night vision. Smoking is not allowed in USMC
Ref: USMC National Health Naval Research Center - San Diego, CA.
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